It evolved an elaborate poetics of figures of speech, among which the metaphor and simile , in their many manifestations , predominate; a careful use of language, governed by the stated norms of grammar; an ever-increasing tendency to use compound nouns instead of drawing on the quite plentiful possibilities of Sanskrit inflection; a sometimes ostentatious display of erudition in the arts and sciences; an adroitness in the use of varied and complicated, if appropriate, metres—all applied to traditional themes such as the epic had provided and to the rendering of emotions, most often the love between men and women. It can also be extended to narrative literature , especially the prose novel. Compared with later examples, they are fairly simple in style but reveal typical propensities of writers in this genre: a great predilection for descriptions of nature scenes, for grand spectacles, amorous episodes, and aphoristic observations. The original Buddhacarita , rediscovered in , had been known from Tibetan and Chinese translations. It is typical of the genre that, while each strophe, or stanza , is intended to be part of a narrative sequence, it more often stands by itself, a discrete unit conveying one idea or developing one image. In this, the tendency of the Rigvedic stanza see above Sanskrit: formative period [— bc ] continues in the classical literature.
Our erotic poetry was always more than just sex
South Asian arts - Classical Sanskrit kāvya (–) | Britannica
New Delhi: Stories of love and longing from ancient Sanskrit literature, lesser known among modern readers have been rendered into English by retired diplomat Haksar, acclaimed for his translation of the Kama Sutra. In 'The Seduction of Shiva: Tales of Life And Love' Haksar has compiled an eclectic stories of erotic love from ancient Sanskrit texts which academics have estimated to have been spread over a period of years, nearly a millennium from the present times. The first story in the anthology talks about how the god Shiva is seduced by Mohini, the female form assumed by Vishnu. In another tale, Urvashi curses the Pandava prince Arjuna when he rejects her advances. The protagonist in another story pursues pleasure first as a man and then as a woman. The story of Bodhisattva, before he became the Buddha is also narrated in the tome.
Eros at play
In the 8th century CE, the city of Constantinople modern day Istanbul witnessed the second Arab siege. Paper-making made its way from China to the city of Samarkand in modern-day Uzbekistan. Closer home, Shantideva, a student monk at the university of Nalanda, composed the Bodhicharyavatara , or Guide to the Bodhisattva's Way of Life. The tantric master Padmasambhava introduced Buddhism to Tibet.
T he West tends to think and speak of ancient India as a spiritual lot, as a place and time which gives extraordinary importance to religion, and other dimensions of otherworldliness. The poet R Parthasarthy goes to the texts, different from the usual epics, that engage with love in all its corporeality. His newest anthology, Erotic Poems from the Sanskrit: An Anthology , brings together the work of over seventy poets who wrote between fourth and seventeenth centuries in India. The collection includes several anonymous and women poets as well as the expected males. He notes in his Introduction that his aim is to offer.